Discover the City of Cusco in 360° video

In my last trip to Peru, I got this notes while visiting the City of Cusco. I would like to share them with you.


Main sights

The indigenous Killke culture built the walled complex of Sacsayhuamán about 1100. The Killke built a major temple near Saksaywaman, as well as an aqueduct (Pukyus) and roadway, connecting prehistoric structures. Saksaywaman was expanded by the Inca.

After the Spanish explorer Pizarro sacked much of the Inca city in 1535, remains of the palace of the Incas, Qurikancha (the Temple of the Sun) and the Temple of the Virgins of the Sun still stand.

Cathedral of Santo Domingo is one of the most relevant Spanish colonial buildings of the city.

The most important Inca tourist sites are Machu Picchu, which you can reach by walking through the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu or by train; and the “fortress” at Ollantaytambo.

Other less-visited ruins include: Incahuasi, the highest of all Inca sites at 3,980 m (13,060 ft); Vilcabamba, the capital of the Inca after the capture of Cusco; the sculpture garden at Ñusta Hisp’ana (aka Chuqip’allta, Yuraq Rumi); Tipón with working water channels in wide terraces; as well as WillkaraqayPatallaqtaChuqik’irawMorayVitos, among others.

Cusco’s main stadium Estadio Garcilaso de la Vega was one of seven stadiums used when Peru hosted the Copa América, in 2004. As a fun fact, the stadium is home to one of the country’s most successful soccer clubs, Cienciano.

Most important museums

  • Museo de Arte Precolombino
  • Casa Concha Museum (Machu Picchu museum)
  • Museo Inka
  • Museo Histórico Regional de Cuzco
  • Centro de Textiles Tradicionales del Cuzco
  • Museo de plantas sagradas, mágicas y medicinales
  • ChocoMuseo (cacao and chocolate museum)

There are some museums located at churches, as well.



As capital to the Inca Empire, Cusco was an important agricultural region. In fact, it was a natural reserve for thousands of native Peruvian species, including around 3,000 varieties of potato cultivated by the people. Fusion and neo-Andean restaurants developed in Cusco, which prepare food with modern techniques and, therefore, incorporate a blend of traditional Andean and international ingredients.



Cusco has a subtropical highland climate, so it is usually dry and temperate, with two defined seasons. From April to September (winter), there is abundant sunshine and occasional nighttime freezes; July is the coolest month with an average temperature of 9.7 °C (49.5 °F). On the other hand, from October to March (summer), the weather turns cloudy and wet; November is the warmest month with 13.3 °C (55.9 °F) average. Temperatures range between −8.9 and 30 °C (16.0 and 86.0 °F).

In 2006, Cusco was found to be the spot with the highest average ultraviolet light level on Earth.


Do not miss City of Cusco.